Tag 7

The North American Wood Ape Conservancy developed and implemented a novel technique for attaching radio telemetry devices without first capturing, manually tagging, then releasing the target species. This self-tagging technique was specifically designed to track the locations and movement of a hypothesized, as yet scientifically unrecognized, primate species inhabiting the Ouachita Mountain Ecoregion. One tag was successfully activated in August 2015. Locational information acquired over the ensuing months through June 2016, using airborne and ground search teams, indicated the tag was attached to a highly mobile individual ranging over an area of extremely rough and mountainous terrain encompassing approximately 115 km². This study represents the first time quantifiable data can be applied to issues pertaining to movement and home range of the putative species. This method provides a significant advance that is applicable to studies of relictual hominoids elsewhere. 

Download the NAWAC's paper about Tag 7 here.

Listen to the NAWAC's podcast: Apes Among Us: Tag 7.  




My Long, Strange Night With Rob Lowe

By Brian Brown

I honestly didn’t think anything would happen. The premise wasn’t one I’d have predicted would be conducive to encouraging apey behavior: Dragging a large Hollywood TV production crew way into the bush for a few hours one night, their vehicles and gear, and one of television’s most recognizable stars and his two young adult sons. I’d seen enough episodes of Finding Bigfoot to know “nothing” was far more likely than “something.” But what the heck, I figured. Time spent in the woods is never wasted and it might be fun seeing how the sausage gets made in reality TV.  

But something did happen. A couple somethings, in fact. But…they didn’t happen exactly the way it looked on the show.  So this is my personal remembrance of the behinds the scenes adventure that was episode eight of the The Lowe Files, “The Wood Apes.” 

Let’s back up. TV production companies have reached out to the North American Wood Ape Conservancy many times in the past asking us to be part of their shows. We invariably say no. Sometimes they ask more than once, but no remains our answer. In fact, when The Lowe Files folks originally contacted us, they got our standard answer. They got it the second and third time they asked, too. That was before they revealed the real premise behind the show and that our more scientific approach was what drew them to us and that Rob Lowe was attached. Rob has had a life-long interest in the subject of what we call wood apes, we discovered, and has discussed it publicly on several occasions. After they made many assurances we would be portrayed as we are (serious, dedicated) and not in whatever way made for the most entertaining hour of television and agreeing to make a modest donation to our organization, we eventually relented (nobody you see on-screen from the NAWAC was compensated in any way). The first time we’ve done that for an active TV production in a decade.

We met them in the Ouachita Mountains in southeast Oklahoma, not the Ozarks as the show indicated. The Ozarks and Ouachitas are adjacent yet distinct ranges. In any event, they came rolling up in about a half dozen vehicles, including at least two motorhomes and a minivan, and the crew poured out bristling with cameras and boom mics moments before the Lowes pulled in driving their tricked-out Ford F-150 Raptor. A serious case of truck lust ensued, but I endeavored to maintain my professional demeanor.

And then we just jumped right in. No preamble, no introduction. The meeting you see on the show is the first time we talked to any of them directly. We barely had a chance to say boo to the crew who had just landed in force. To me, it seemed somewhat awkward as we hadn’t really practiced anything or discussed what to say. It was at this point I noticed the first “adventures in creative editing” problem. In real life, I related at least two separate events involving encounters I’ve had with wood apes, but on the show they compress them into one in such a way that made no literal sense (how could I see a wood ape peeking from behind a tree if it was pitch dark?). 

My initial impression of the Lowes was that they were genuinely interested in hearing what we had experienced and the subject matter in general. They were obviously very close and enjoying one another’s company. Rob in particular seemed quite engaged and animated as we related various events and suppositions we’d developed over years. And then, just like that, the entire bizarre convoy was driving into the woods. At one point, we passed a family on ATVs driving in the opposite direction on the forest road. Can’t imagine what they thought they were seeing. Certainly a force like none other encountered on that road before. 

We had to stop a short way in because none but the serious off-road vehicles could get to the campsite we called Tosche Station. The road was just too precarious. Rocky and narrow, our people regularly deal with damage done by it to their vehicles. No way the crew was getting in driving their minivans and campers. We deposited the bulk of them at a nice wide clearing by the side of the road and went the rest of the way in with a skeleton crew that still seemed to number a dozen people, not counting the Lowes themselves.  Everyone piled into the backs of pick-up trucks or stuffed into their cabs.  

Except for the Lowes. My friend Brandon Lentz was chosen to ride with them in the truck that caused lust in my heart and I’ll probably always hold it against him.  


Along the way, we found what might have been a nut-crushing station. We’ve found these from time to time in the mountains around there. This one didn’t have any nut remains on it, but did have flakes struck from the hammer stone still on the anvil stone. Intriguing but inconclusive. We pressed on. 

We encountered a mature tree down over the trail resulting in some muscular demonstrations of the abilities of the Ford pick-up truck platform. When we couldn’t move it and realized we had no way of cutting it, the trucks simply drove right over it. A time where significant ground clearance came in very handy. In lesser vehicles, the show would have ended right there. I’m sure the Ford people would have liked to see their product placement dollars hard at work in that situation.

We arrived at the campsite and, in order to take advantage of the remaining daylight, immediately broke into two groups as shown in the episode. We each went separate directions on a loop trail and met up half way through. The on-screen text said we were four miles from camp at one point, but in reality it couldn’t have been more than a quarter mile at its furthest. And this led to the real “adventures in editing” crime. The one time I sat up and yelled at my TV. Here’s what happened.

Rob, Brandon, and I were walking along, scrambling over downed trees, and discussing various aspects of our research. At a certain point, I realized I had no idea where we were. Tosche Station was not our regular research location and was used for the show primarily because it was the least arduous drive with the most seclusion. I had never been there before and have not been back since, so in retrospect, I was probably not the guy to be leading one of the two groups. I knew we were getting close to camp, but didn’t know exactly where it was. I radioed to them to make noise and that’s when you see, on the show, Daryl Colyer fire his weapon into the mountainside causing something to bolt and run up its slope. The reason Daryl fired is not explained in the show and makes it appear rather random which is problematic, but that’s not my real issue. Still getting to that.

But first, an aside. I’m very comfortable hearing my own voice. Unlike most people, I like how I sound. But seeing myself on TV? That was new. And I’m not sure how well I like that, especially when on screen with the freakish genetic specimen that is Rob Lowe. He makes everyone look at least 25% older and fatter. Yeah. Anyway…

Not long after Daryl fired his weapon, we were back on track. Then the three of us heard a perfect, clear “whoop” from behind us. Not too far away. Then we heard another whoop, perhaps in response, from the opposite direction across the creek. The first whoop was the best I’ve ever heard in those mountains. Both were recorded on camera. Pretty clearly, though they’re barely heard on the show.

They were so perfect, my initial impressions was we were being fooled by Rob’s sons or the production crew back at camp. And then, as we were moving to investigate, we bumped into my friend Mike Mayes coming from camp to find us. In real life, I asked him if he had made the whoop (still not entirely believing we heard such a perfect example with a TV camera running — though the return whoop could not have been him), and he said no, it wasn’t him. They’ve edited the show so it looks like he admitted it was him. But he never said anything like that. No way do members of the NAWAC do that to one another and there are few people’s word I’d put as much stock in as Mikey’s. 

When we got back to camp, there seemed to be some confusion with Rob as to the source of the whoop. You can see this in the show. He apparently still thought it was Mike, even though Mike had clearly denied it to us shortly after we heard it. My theory is the editors spliced the event together to make sense of Rob’s confusion. Unfortunately, in doing so they made Mike look like someone not nearly as serious as I know him to be. 

In retrospect, it’s difficult for me to explain the whoops in any way other than they were produced by apes. As the show indicates, a few of us thought we heard a faint whoop earlier in our walk. Both teams did (though I didn’t). Then we heard two more as we got closer to camp.  Since there was no sign of any other people anywhere near us and the road was blocked by downed trees in both directions. Along with nobody outside our small group knowing exactly where we’d be, the possibility of outside interference and hoaxing is near zero. 

Then there was a bunch of milling about at camp. We took some cheesy promotional images and I was told I could eat from the “talent” food box because I was wearing a mic. That was a nice granola bar, let me tell you. Then all the crew had to bug out because they’re only allowed to work a certain number of hours in day. That left only me, Mike, Daryl, Paul Bowman, and Brandon with the three Lowes and their field producer Jeff who acted as camera man for the rest of the night. 

Not a lot of significance happened for a while. Not until it got late. From the location of our camp, some of us were hearing faint ape-type pant-hoot sounds. Hoo-hoo-hoo-hoo-hoo! Quiet but seemingly pretty close. This led Daryl to take Matthew Lowe and Brandon a little ways away from camp down by the creek with a couple thermals to sit and observe and see what they could see. It was late and dark, but the thermal scopes “see” in heat, not light, and anything with a temperature would show up. 

After a bit, as I recall, Brandon radioed to us asking if someone was on the road. Jeff the producer was and Brandon thought he was seeing him so we pulled Jeff back closer to us. But he was still seeing what looked like a person. Only this person was showing up as uniformly bright in the thermal where a person would be mottled as different amounts of heat leaked through their clothes (hot white face, darker under their hair, patches of heat on the torso, etc.). From Brandon’s perspective, it appeared to be swaying slightly. Then it dropped to the ground and out of view.  Matthew also saw something. According to my video of Brandon’s post-encounter interview, Matt saw something dart away. 

We were discussing this event and pointing in the general direction of where whatever they saw had been when we saw two small spots of white light. As shown in the episode, we had been discussing wood ape eye shine earlier in the day and I in particular am always looking for it (having seen it several times over the years). 

With the still-fresh encounter hanging in the air and the lights showing up, from our perspective, pretty much where Brandon had seen the figure, my mind immediately thought we were seeing eyes. In retrospect, I should have been circumspect. The "eyes" were white and typically what we believe is ape eye shine shows green or orange. I have seen suspicious white eye shine, but never when I could confidently say it was ape-related. Also, it was very bright. Ape eyes seem to reflect a great deal of light (making them visible even in incredibly low light conditions) but these were too bright. I blame the heightened sense of the post-thermal event for making me jump too quickly to assuming the light was ape-related. 

In any event, the lights seemed to move in a weird way and then there was more of them. They went from looking marginally like eyes to looking more like people with flashlights. We called out to them, but they didn’t respond. They would stop for a bit and then go again, but we heard no reply. In short, this was easily one of the strangest things I’ve ever experienced in a place noted for strange things. 

Eventually, as is seen on the show, the mystery resolves itself. It was an overland club called ArkLaTex Offroad that had gone miles and miles that day, mostly on nasty roads, and they were looking for a way out. They insist they were not “lost” and, I suppose, in the sense that not all who wander are, they weren’t, but the lead driver told us at the time they were. Once their caravan rolled through camp, we filmed a bit more and then the Lowe’s tore off into the night in their truck of my dreams. 

The entire episode with the overland group is portrayed very confusingly, I thought. A lot of jumping and cutting as if the footage were put into a blender. Little of it was in the order in which it happened. None of it made any sense. But I don’t make TV shows, so what do I know? However, the appearance of that group well demonstrates why we never performed serious operations in that location. The fact that there was a through-road made it inappropriate for us and the TV event, as random and weird as it was, highlights that. We can’t operate in a space without a much higher degree of control over who shows up, for a variety of reasons. 

Turns out, our episode was the season finale. I’m glad we were able to provide some drama for them, even if it didn’t always play out how it was shown. I will admit now that I presumed the show and its concept was a bit of ego thing for Rob, but after watching all the episodes including ours, I find myself sort of moved by the whole thing. If given the chance to go on a series of adventures with my son (especially in that truck) I’d jump at it, ratings be damned. I don’t think it’s a coincidence he did this shortly after they both left home for college. My son recently did the same and I find myself wistful for times like those the Lowe’s shared together. It may not be the best show ever made about weird “paranormal” subjects, but I think it had heart. And that’s not nothing.


Apes Among Us: Encounters

Today we are pleased to announce the release of the first episode or our new podcast series, Apes Among Us. It can be heard on the podcast's website or via the player below. It can also be subscribed to via iTunes and most popular podcasting apps (here's the show's RSS feed).

As explained by the show's co-host Brian Brown in the opening to the first episode, the NAWAC consulted with John Green prior to his death and prior to choosing the name of our production. John gave the group his blessing to use "Apes Among Us" which was, of course, the subtitle to his seminal work Sasquatch: The Apes Among Us. In many ways, the NAWAC has always felt inspired by John's work and perspective. The last chapter to The Apes Among Us, published all the way back in 1978, could almost have been something of a manifesto for the group and our approach to this subject. So much so, that in consultation with John, we previously published it in its entirety to our site. Our work on this podcast is both dedicated to John's memory and stands as a living tribute to his body of work.

Episode one of Apes Among Us, "Encounters," covers just a fraction of the wood ape encounters experienced or investigated by members of the NAWAC.

  • Co-host Brandon Lentz interviews one of the group's investigators concerning a visual encounter he had with two wood apes in the Ouachita Mountains. Sketches of the animals are found below.

  • Brandon and Brian discuss a joint visual encounter they had through a thermal imaging device. An image recreating the experience is also linked below.

  • In a recurring segment called "Encounter File," Brandon talks with NAWAC Investigator and board member Mike Mayes about how the group conducts its investigations as well as a discussion of a recent notable report sent in by a member of the public.

  • Alton Higgins, Daryl Colyer, Ken Helmer, and Paul Bowman have a "coffee house roundtable" of their various combined experiences investigating and researching wood ape behavior.

  • Finally, Brandon and Brian have a conversation with Alton Higgins and Daryl Colyer about the genesis and reception of the Ouachita Project Monograph.

Many thanks to all the NAWAC members who contributed to this show. As in all things we do, it was a team effort. If you like the show and want to hear more, please take a moment to rate and review the show in iTunes as it helps others find it and we want to hear what you think. Also, if you haven't already, take a moment to like our Facebook page or follow us on Twitter in order to stay abreast of our future endeavors. 

Season One, Episode One "Encounters" show notes:

Report #01120043: Man out walking for exercise at local track has unexpected encounter with upright hair-covered subject

Ed's sketches (click to enlarge)

Brian's rendering of approximately what he saw through the thermal imager (click to enlarge)




The World Needs To Know

I’ve always been fascinated with nature. From an early age, I fondly remember seeking out the world beyond the comforts of home. I spent much of my childhood on a tract of family land, turning over logs to catch sight of reptiles and amphibians, wading in a stream catching turtles, and looking for clues of animals that I had never before seen. I desperately wanted to know everything that lived in the woods. As I grew older, I graduated to bigger animals. I started looking for mammals: White-tailed deer, black bears, gray wolves, and otters were all common targets of my curiosity. Maturity taught me that you can provide healthy sustenance by hunting, and I’ve spent decades pursuing that craft.

Brandon Lentz is a lifelong hunter and outdoorsman from Minnesota.

After feeling like I knew quite a bit about my own backyard, I started to seek out bigger mysteries of the natural world. I went to my local library nearly every day, seeking new animals to learn about. On one of these trips, I happened upon a book that had the silhouette of an apelike creature standing on two legs on its cover. The book was The Mysterious Monsters, by Robert and Francis Guenette (1975). Intrigued, I opened the book and flipped through it. I stopped at the famous image from the Patterson-Gimlin footage of an apelike creature, walking upright and looking back at the cameraman: Frame 352.

Frame 352

I was now beyond intrigued. Could there really be a hairy bipedal primate in the woods of North America? Given my predilection for mystery in nature, I had to know more. Since then, I’ve spent fifteen years reading everything I could find about this creature known as “bigfoot.” Tiring of the constant bickering and hoaxes within the bigfoot Internet community, I decided to take action and find out for myself what is really happening in the woods, and why people in different parts of the country were reporting the same thing: a tall, hairy, bipedal creature that is unlisted by science.

Drawing by Pete Travers, used with permission.

I had been a fan of the now defunct podcast The Bigfoot Show, and was utterly fascinated by the stories out of a place called “Area X.” The people on this show sounded sincere, like they had genuine stories to tell. I sought out Brian Brown, host of The Bigfoot Show, to ask him a few questions about this group called the North American Wood Ape Conservancy, or NAWAC. Brian was kind and thoughtful in answering questions from a stranger, and the NAWAC seemed to be the most legitimate and scientific group trying to solve the bigfoot mystery, so I decided to become a member. I sent my application to the group’s board of directors, and was accepted as an associate.

The NAWAC Annual Retreat at the Bowman Lodge near Tulsa, Oklahoma.

One week later, I found myself in a vehicle with Brian and other members of the NAWAC on our way to Oklahoma for the annual retreat at a beautiful ranch near Tulsa. Despite not having met me, I was invited to meet the group and hear their stories. What I learned that weekend seemed almost too good to be true; this group of biologists, outdoorsmen, professionals, scientists, and naturalists had very real experiences with what they called wood apes. Not only did they have knowledge about this mysterious animal, but they were real people banded together to try and save a species that they knew needed help. There was a kinship in the air that felt genuine. I knew then that I made the right decision in joining the organization.

After spending time with members in the field and meeting the requirements to become an investigator, I was invited to this place we all know as “Area X.” I signed up to spend a week in the Ouachita Mountain range with the hope of satisfying decades of curiosity and to help the group save the habitat of a species they all knew to be real. Having never had any sort of encounter myself, I wasn’t quite sure what to expect, but I knew I had to help.

I arrived at a prearranged location on a Thursday and met Mark McClurkan, an NAWAC board member, and we were soon driving down a long, extremely rough, stretch of road, or more accurately, an old two-track mule trail. Upon turning a corner near where Alton Higgins found a trackway of 16-inch tracks back in 2000, we both observed an upright, light brown animal moving at a speed that I had never before imagined possible through such terrain. (We later estimated its speed to be in the 20-25 mph range.) The huge animal appeared to be running on two legs and seemed unnaturally smooth, as though it were floating across the forest. I saw the sun reflecting off its hair. I calculated that I saw the creature for about three seconds. I was floored; I hadn’t even unpacked my gear and already I’d learned that the stories were true. I’m in Area X, and I’ve encountered what appears to be an unlisted species of ape. “Bigfoot” is more than myth! Amazing!

The creek near where Lentz and McClurkan saw a large hairy upright figure in the woods.

Shortly after unpacking my gear at the primitive hunting cabin and trying to take in what I had just witnessed, I heard what sounded like a loud clear “wood knock” from the top of the nearby mountain.

“So something does knock wood against trees! Why?” I’ve been here for two hours and already the legends and rumors have proven to be true, at least in my mind.

The following afternoon, longtime NAWAC member Robert Taylor and I climbed the mountain behind the cabin to explore and look for evidence. While on the slope, I discovered what may have been a track. Upon inspection it seemed similar to what I had seen in the classic sasquatch books. I soon took a concealed position alone, not knowing what else I was going to experience. As I settled in, I suddenly noticed the distinct odor of what other team members have described as a “wet horse smell.”

The creek where Brandon Lentz heard boulders moving or being tossed.

Later on, I heard rhythmic rock-on-rock clacking sounds coming from the creek. What other animal could possibly bang rocks together?

Still later, after I had been sitting quietly and silently, observing and studying, I heard a large crash roughly 100 yards away from me. It was the obvious sounds of a tree falling to the ground. Trees do fall, the teams have documented dozens of trees falling, but this is the first time I’ve heard one fall in my many years of being in the woods. I found myself becoming unnerved for the first time. I decided to leave my position and head back to the relative security of the cabin, where I could process everything that had happened in peace.

During an evening hike along the base of the mountain, I heard another loud clear knock sound directly up the slope from me. Was I being tracked?

Late that night, Saturday morning, actually, I took my first shift at 3:45 AM of what the NAWAC refers to as “overwatch” using an ATN thermal scope. After a few enjoyable hours watching the resident gray foxes running around, I heard what sounded like large boulders being moved in the creek bed. Whatever was moving these boulders had to have considerable strength. Listening closely, minutes later, Brian Brown and I heard a sound that gave me chills. An animal produced a vocalization that sounded exactly like what is referred to as the “Ohio Howl.” I was out in the middle of nowhere, in the pitch-black darkness, and then the howling started. It reverberated throughout the valley. In my opinion, there is literally no known animal that could make the sound I heard. To put it mildly, it was startling.

The creek area where Brandon Lentz and Tim Sievert heard rock-clacking and huff-barks, similar to gorilla huff-barks.

On Sunday my teammates left to pick up new members. I decided to stay behind for the hours they would be gone, remaining quietly in the cabin to see if any rocks would be launched at the roof. When the heat became unbearable, I walked outside to the base of the mountain and yelled out, as my teammates had suggested, as a way to stir up animals. Much to my surprise, a charcoal-colored animal broke out from behind a tree on the slope and disappeared behind dense foliage without making a sound. Did I see what looked like the head of a gorilla?

Later, after I found a secluded spot to wait out the intense heat, I produced a high-pitched “WHOOP!” and immediately heard the same sound returned from the top of the mountain. Another attempt produced no response, but I couldn’t help but wonder, “Did I just interact with an undocumented species of ape?” Incredible!

The following two days produced more possible encounters while in the company of teammates. For example, Tim Sievert and I heard rock-clacking during a walk down to the creek on Monday. It takes hands to beat rocks together. When I answered with my own rocks, the clacking ceased and was replaced with a low, rough, barking-huff (documented by NAWAC teams before).

Late that same night, as the team sat outside in darkness listening to the sounds of the night, NAWAC board member and team leader Brian Brown and I both saw what we were convinced were apes through ATN thermal scopes. The creatures had silently approached the group from different directions and were quietly observing us. We would have never seen the figures without a thermal unit. During a recreation conducted afterwards, Brian estimated that the creature he saw was easily eight feet tall and three times my width.

The next day I was with Brian again near the location in 2014 where fellow NAWAC Field Investigators Travis Lawrence and Gene Bass had spotted four seemingly young apes that resembled chimpanzees. Our intent was to try to flush animals back towards three other previously deployed members. Seconds after Brian said, “Nobody ever comes to this spot, it’s a good place to hide…,” we came upon two large animals that hurriedly took off in different directions. From what I could tell, one was brown while the other appeared to be the same charcoal color I had seen earlier on the slope of the mountain. I focused on the charcoal animal; Brian focused on the brown animal. They were large, hairy, and very quick. We had practically walked on top of them. I wondered if the animals were trying to conserve energy in the oppressive heat and waited to move until we were almost on them. I don’t know what other large animals sit together and run off in opposite directions when spooked.

Early the next morning, Wednesday, I was packed and heading out of the valley to start my long journey home. I had much to process.

I left Area X feeling like I had just witnessed a world that very few will ever know. Any illusions about the existence of these animals were completely shattered. From what I could tell after my week in that place, these animals are real. What’s more, they are strong, nimble, incredibly fast, incredibly smart, and intensely curious about us. My mind was spinning.

Why doesn’t anybody seem to care about this?

Why doesn’t anyone acknowledge what’s happening in the wilderness?

Doesn’t anybody know that habitat is shrinking at a ridiculously fast rate? Why is the subject of undiscovered apes in North America, or “bigfoot,” such a big joke to the general public? They exist! One merely has to search with focus, determination, and persistence.

I struggled with my experience for days, wondering, for fear of ridicule, if I should tell anyone outside of the NAWAC. I have since decided that what is happening in the Ouachita Mountains is far bigger in importance than the possibility of being the brunt of jokes. I know what happened in Area X. I know what I saw, heard, and smelled.

I have concluded that something very special is happening in the Ouachitas. It is maddening to realize that, while I can tell of my experiences to others in an effort to help an undocumented species, I know that most people will look at me like I belong in a mental hospital. So be it.

Brandon  Lentz spends much of his time in the outdoors, hunting, fishing, hiking, and these days aiding in establishing the North American wood ape as a legitimate species.

The world needs to know that this species, the North American wood ape, exists, and that it could very well be on the brink of extinction. I am determined, along with the rest of the NAWAC, to continue to sacrifice time, effort, and expense, the proverbial blood, sweat, and tears, to bring these very real and spectacular animals out of the sphere of superstition, speculation, anecdote, myth, and legend, and into the light of scientific recognition.


Brandon Lentz is a Field Investigator with the North American Wood Ape Conservancy and lives in Minnesota with his dog Luka. There, he hunts and fishes the dense forests and many waterways that Minnesota has to offer. 


Area X Presentation From Beachfoot 20

Bob Strain, a North American Wood Ape Conservancy member living in California, recently made a presentation on Area X at the annual Beachfoot conferece. 

Spacial thanks to Rictor Riolo for creating and editing the video.


NAWAC Expands Areas of Investigation

The North American Wood Ape Conservancy today announces an expansion of the areas in which the group operates. Previously, the group was active in the original four state region of Texas, Oklahoma, Louisiana, and Arkansas. With today's announcement, the group has created the following operational regions:

Northeast Southeast West
  • Maine
  • Massachusetts
  • New Hampshire
  • New York
  • Vermont 
  • Alabama
  • Georgia
  • Kentucky
  • Maryland
  • Mississippi
  • Tennessee
  • Virginia
  • West Virginia
  • California
  • Nevada
 South-Central  Upper-Midwest  
  • Arkansas
  • Louisiana
  • Oklahoma
  • Texas
  • Iowa
  • Michigan (Upper Peninsula)
  • Minnesota
  • North Dakota
  • South Dakota
  • Wisconsin

Operations in these regions will include investigation of received encounter reports including on-site visits (if necessary or deemed appropriate), field work in areas of potential wood ape habitat, member development activities, and educational opportunities aimed at the general public. 

These regions are formed around groups of NAWAC members who, through field work and completion of other prerequisite efforts, have achieved investigator status within the organization. The NAWAC only publishes encounter reports that minimally include a witness interview by an investigator. Many times, the group will also conduct an on-site investigation of the encounter. Being able to travel to and back from these sites in a reasonable amount of time greatly dictated which states were included in each region.

Membership of the group has expanded significantly in the past few years and with it has come individuals of great talent, dedication, and ability who have shown themselves to be qualified investigators. Individuals interested in membership to the group can submit an application here


Ouachita Project Monograph


Ouachita Project Monograph

The mission of the North American Wood Ape Conservancy is to facilitate official recognition and conservation of what it believes is a rare unlisted North American anthropoid species. Pursuant to those objectives, the organization has focused its time and resources in the Ouachita Mountain Ecoregion, dispatching teams to conduct prolonged searches and document all pertinent observations in a location with a history of reported sightings of large ape-like creatures.

The investigations, conducted over the course of four years, ranged from sixty to one hundred twenty days in duration, and produced observations, evidence, and information thought to be significant, though not definitive to the point of validating the existence of a native North American anthropoid species. Some of the more notable thoughts and impressions recorded by scores of NAWAC team members are described and discussed in the Ouachita Project monograph.

Download the monograph here: Ouachita Project Monograph — Version 1.1 (PDF, 5.2 MB)

Frequently Asked Questions
Following release of the Ouachita Project Monograph to the public, we have found that certain questions repeatedly come up regarding our approach, observations, and conclusions. In an effort to more efficiently address these questions, we've created this FAQ. If you have additional questions you think may be worth addressing, please feel free to contact us.

Revision History
Initial release, 3 March 2015
Version 1.1, 12 March 2015 — Updated to reflect confirmation of results from DNA test to hair samples (page 102), elaboration on alternative sources of rock impacts (page 63), clarification of the length of time the security system was in place (page 156), as well as correction of various typos.

Here's a flyover video shot in June, 2014, that provides a feeling for the denseness of the surrounding area.


The audio files below (provided to illustrate the kinds of events described in the paper) were recorded during the Ouachita Project using TASCAM DR-40 and Marantz PMD670 digital recorders, and Sennheiser MKE102S/K6 omni-directional microphones. All but one of the recordings were made in the very early morning hours while team members were asleep or were on overwatch. These files have been amplified and equalized, and in a few cases edited for the sake of brevity and file size. They were culled from literally thousands of hours of audio and are only a small representation of the total audio recorded by the NAWAC during the Ouachita Project. They are all in the WAV audio file format.

Audio clip 1: A wood knock just before dawn right outside the cabin.

Audio clip 2: A rock hits the cabin then a very loud wood knock.

Audio clip 3: Huffs then a rock is thrown onto cabin and rolls around.

Audio clip 4: Huffs then a rock hits the cabin.

Audio clip 5: More huffing before a rock slams the cabin.

Audio clip 6: A whistle, shuffling, huffing, and a rock.

Audio clip 7: Huffs, rock through the trees, slams cabin, then bounces onto the ground.

Audio clip 8: Single huff, then rock zips through trees and pounds cabin.

Audio clip 9: A rock rips through tree limbs and then falls short of the cabin thumping the ground.

Audio clip 10: While the team is talking in front of the cabin around the fire circle, a rock flies through trees and strikes the cabin.

Audio clip 11: A rock hits the loose corrugated metal on the shed and bounces.

Audio clip 12: The so-called “rain of rocks.” While the team lay in bed asleep, the cabin was repeatedly struck by rocks on the roof, and on two walls, including a porch. It went on for several minutes. This is the abridged version.

Audio clip 13: What team members refer to as a “mouth pop,” or "click," documented many times in the field.

Audio clip 14: A recording from NAWAC field audio of what could be “faux speech.”


In the United States, Researchers are Hunting for the Mysterious Bigfoot

In a remote valley in the US researchers hunt for a phantom: Bigfoot. Is the mysterious ape creature merely legend, or is it reality? Researchers are looking for it – equipped with guns.

“It’s like a jungle here,” said biologist Alton Higgins. “Large areas are completely undeveloped. The vegetation is dense and the biodiversity is great.” The photos he shows back up his words. Green hills as far as the eye can see, a wild brook that winds through dense brush. The landscape is more reminiscent of Central Africa than the United States, but it is in the Ouachita Mountains, in the heart of North America.

Alton Higgins stands on the steep mountain where he and his colleagues have spent the last decade attempting to obtain definitive evidence of the wood ape as a novel or relic species. Photo: Chris Buntenbah.

Here, in this wild region in Oklahoma, a group of American researchers search for a phantom. An unknown ape, so they claim, lives in these forests. An animal, like the gorilla or chimpanzee, that walks on two legs like a man, is agile, extremely fast, and shy.

“We have now seen them dozens of times,” says Higgins. "Different animals. Juveniles and older. One we call Old Gray. The animal is about two meters tall, heavily muscled and covered with silver-gray hair.” Higgins himself saw Old Gray when the animal flitted across a clearing. Another researcher observed it crossing a river – in spite of its size and stature it was completely silent and graceful on the stones as it entered the undergrowth.

The reports of Alton Higgins and the North American Wood Ape Conservancy (NAWAC) sound fantastic. So fantastic that they could have come from the pen of the writer Arthur Conan Doyle. Much like the characters in "The Lost World,” NAWAC researchers maintain they have encountered a kind of forgotten world supporting primeval creatures. “I would probably not believe it if someone else were to tell me,” says Daryl Colyer. “However, I can only stress that our reports are true and these animals undoubtedly exist.”

18 Unique Sightings

Colyer is ex-military intelligence, has a degree in history, is from Texas, and works in the private sector today. “The recent expedition in the summer of 2014 lasted four months and around 40 people participated,” he says. Researchers entered the remote valley in small groups and spent days or weeks. “In 122 days total, there were 18 unique sightings.” Alton Higgins alone saw the creatures four times.

Colyer and the teams documented events that the researchers thought were connected with the mysterious apes. For instance, stones were thrown into the camp of the researchers – the cabin roof, in particular, is a popular target – or limbs were torn and smaller trees were knocked down.

The experiences of Higgins and Colyer are indeed impressive, but not unique. In various places in America great ape-like creatures have been reported again and again, especially in the heavily wooded areas in the northwest. The creatures are known as Bigfoot – because of the huge footprints they leave. Some call them Sasquatch – a name derived from the language of indigenous people to mean Wildman of the Woods. Higgins and his colleagues call them “wood apes.” They want to distance themselves from the term “Bigfoot” – it carries too many negative connotations. It is associated too much with tabloids, hoaxes, and crackpots, says Colyer.

In 2008, a man from Georgia claimed to have killed a Bigfoot. His story dominated press headlines for weeks. In the end, the whole thing turned out to be false.

Officially, Bigfoot does not exist. Most scientists laugh about the claims of Bigfoot researchers. Primatologist Thomas Geissmann of the University of Zurich says such reports are merely entertainment and have no scientific value. “I do not think for a moment that Bigfoot exists,” says the primate researcher who specializes in gibbons. Furthermore, apes live in tropical jungles. “Although I have not read the reports of NAWAC, I know the claims of Bigfoot researchers sufficiently. They never convinced me.”

A Dead Animal as Evidence

Due to the number of scientists involved, the reports of the NAWAC are more credible than others. However, all the NAWAC can present is claims. They have no evidence, a fact criticized by Geissmann: “It would be easy to get a good photo of these animals,” he said. “The researchers would only need a few photo-traps set up in the region, then they should eventually get a clear shot.”

In fact, the NAWAC attempted this. “It was a flop,” says Colyer. “We obtained hundreds of photographs of black bears, but none of a wood ape.”

Gathering photographic evidence is no longer the primary goal of the NAWAC, he explains. Would pictures be enough for either science or the government? Only a dead specimen can provide clear evidence of their existence. Therefore NAWAC researchers no longer chase through the forest with cameras, but with large caliber weapons.

Colyer came very close to providing the ultimate proof in 2011. He fired his shotgun at an upright large animal moving smoothly through the undergrowth. “We found blood spatter on stones, but no body.” It is incredibly difficult to hunt these animals, the experienced hunter explains. “These animals are like ninjas: extremely fast and silent.” Colyer’s NAWAC colleague Travis Lawrence, a high-school math teacher from Spring, Texas, came even closer in the summer of 2013.

Daryl Colyer and Phil Burrows briefly rest as they attempt to collect a wood ape specimen.  Photo: Alton Higgins.

On that night Lawrence was positioned in a tent – with a gun that had a thermal imaging scope. The thermal imaging technology, which is used by rescue workers in the search for missing persons, makes it possible to see creatures in absolute darkness.

Alton Higgins was located near Lawrence in another tent. It served as a kind of bait to attract the interest of wood apes. At about 4 o’clock he awakened. Then he slid the zipper on the tent door to create noise to attract the interest of any lurking primates. Lawrence recalls what happened next: “Suddenly I saw a shining figure [illuminated and visible in the thermal scope] near Alton’s tent. I only saw the upper body, the lower part was hidden by bushes. The figure was tall, had a pointed head and powerful trapezius muscles. For me it was clear what I saw.” Within seconds Lawrence directed the crosshairs on the creature’s head and pulled the trigger. “I thought it was done.”

But disappointment came quickly. Despite an intensive search, they found no corpse. What they did find, where Lawrence had seen the creature, were several branches with damage. “The projectile was deflected significantly,” says Lawrence. He would have made the world a fascinating puzzle poorer, but science a sensational discovery richer.

The Hunt for DNA

The wood ape would have been one of about 30 species of mammals discovered in 2013. Even today, in a world in which humans have penetrated into the most remote reaches of the earth, and Google and Wikipedia give us a sense of omniscience and omnipresence, new creatures are discovered.

UZH primatologist Thomas Geissmann criticized the actions of the NAWAC. "I am sure that it is not necessary to kill a specimen. I have described several new species of monkeys and never had to kill an animal for it. "

In 2005 Geissmann and colleague Urs Thalmann described a new lemur species. Hair as well as photo and video material and audio recordings were enough. “It takes just a few hairs of a Bigfoot to unambiguously tell if it exists and what it is.”

Alton Higgins understands Geissmanns’s reasoning. “We have been trying for years to collect DNA.” After Colyer fired at an ape, traces of blood were found, however, not until several days later. “The blood was dried up, and the analysis brought no DNA to light,” said Higgins.

“They Resembled Chimpanzees”

DNA evidence would have to exist in large quantities. “But our experience has shown that it is very difficult to get that. The analyses are also very expensive. We are therefore convinced that it is most efficient to collect one. It is morally justifiable, especially because it represents the first step towards the protection of the animals.”

Colyer and Higgins scale a rugged mountain slope in the Ouachita Mountains as they seek out sites for camera traps. Photo: Chris Buntenbah.

“We don’t know how many wood apes live in the region, or in North America, or whether they are even at risk,” Higgins says. “The fact that we observe animals of various sizes and hair color in this place suggests a larger group.” In particular, a sighting last summer was significant: four juveniles climbed down from a tree and fled. “They resembled chimpanzees and ran on all fours,” eyewitness Travis Lawrence recalls. From this sighting it can be concluded that there were several mothers in the valley. Higgins regards the place as a refuge, a haven where the animals can feed, rest, and reproduce. "We don’t know yet how many such refuges exist in North America. This may be one of the last."

Click here for the source article.


Critical Examination of Todd Standing's Video Subjects

Through special arrangement with its authors, the NAWAC is making available an analysis of the Todd Standing "Sylvanic" video subjects performed by Phil Poling and Daniel Falconer.

Preface: Critical Examination of Standing/Sylvanic Bigfoot Videos.  Drawing from their respective fields of expertise for a combined examination, Phil Poling (formally trained in photography and with a twenty year law enforcement background) and Daniel Falconer (seventeen years working for special effects company and writer of numerous books on film special effects) have come together to analyze Todd Standing’s claimed bigfoot videos. Compiling their observations and reasoning in freely available, illustrated PDF, Falconer and Poling hope this document will be of help to readers who wish to critically examine Standing’s videos and draw their own conclusions. Poling and Falconer had never been in contact or worked with each other before, but their conclusions, reached independently and with the benefit of very different backgrounds, were practically identical. 



Critical Examination of Standing/Sylvanic Bigfoot Videos (PDF, 1.3MB)




What Can We Expect to Learn from Wood Ape DNA?

[The following article originally appeared at the Texas Cryptid Hunter's Blogsite; it has been slightly modified for the North American Wood Ape Conservancy website and it is used here with the express consent of Michael C. Mayes].

With the cryptozoological community all aflutter over the Bryan Sykes DNA study, I thought now would be a good time to discuss what exactly it is we might expect should viable wood ape DNA ever be successfully obtained. I can’t take credit for the question. Fellow NAWAC investigator Ed Harrison posed the question on the NAWAC's private online forum. Some of the specific questions raised by Harrison were: Will we be able to determine the origins of the wood ape species (geographically)? From which branch of the primate tree did the species spring? How big do they really get? Many other questions were raised and discussed as well but you get the idea.

What we do know is that simply observing/documenting DNA similarities between species says little, or may say very little, about morphological and/or behavioral similarities. A good example of this is the comparison of human and chimp DNA, which shows great overlap.

For example, let’s assume that wood ape DNA is 99 percent comparable to that of a modern human. That, in and of itself, wouldn’t mean they are “human” as we understand the concept. Significant differences could result from factors controlling the expression of genes. The sequence in which genes are activated during development, the duration in which the genes are active, epigenetic factors controlling which genes may be turned off, these factors could produce creatures that are very different from “us” even if the DNA is nearly identical.

Another NAWAC member with great expertise in this area is Brad McAndrews. Brad holds an ABHI certificate from the American Board of Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics and is a Certified Histocompatibility Specialist (also known as a Clinical Histocompatibility Scientist in some states). Brad received his undergraduate degree from the University of Texas at Austin (B.S. in Biology with concentration in Genetics and Biotechnology) and followed that with five years of intensive training at a clinical laboratory of the University of Texas Health and Science Center in Houston, Texas. All of that to say, Brad knows what he is talking about when it comes to genetics. Following is a summary of Brad’s thoughts to the questions posed above (with some input from Alton Higgins, a wildlife biologist, a retired biology professor, and Chairman of the NAWAC):

What can we expect to find in the DNA?

McAndrews: “The study of the wood ape genome will be multifaceted in that several scientists and organizations of varying expertise will study their genes of interest. It will take years to draw lines of correlation between parallel species but science will begin to produce results, the wood ape blueprint, in only days. We will learn about their growth curves, metabolic characteristics, endocrine pathways, and we’ll be able to make discoveries from other genetic linkages already being studied in the higher primates. The endocrine system drives the growth and development cycle from the fetal stage through adolescence (and even adulthood). We’ll learn a great deal from studying the endocrine system (which includes hormones, etc) including various physical attributes including relative musculature, to things like emotional states, sleep patterns, and details of the reproductive system. We’ll learn about its dietary capabilities and/or restrictions by studying certain metabolic factors.

We will learn details on their ability to learn, hearing, sight, the ability to vocally enunciate (both vowels and consonants) – the FOXP2 gene. We’ll learn some interesting things about how they learn, and where their strongest cognitive and/or involuntary cerebral strengths lay. One of the biggest, and most complicated, targets of the wood ape genome will focus on facets of the immune system. Studies of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) repertoire will teach us a lot about disease susceptibilities and as well as possible new constructs (i.e. mutations) that may help the wood ape fight certain diseases – like Lyme or RMSF. HLA is my particular field of study. No doubt, the discovery of the wood ape will lead to new treatments for mankind. I foresee a day when cells from the wood ape are cloned and distributed (for profit) for study all across the globe. New drugs and therapies will emerge after studying certain aspects of the wood ape immunopathology and it constructs.

We’ll also learn many other things that are not specifically related to the wood ape’s nuclear or mitochondrial genome. Various microbiotomes will be discovered in the animal’s gut flora and new bacterial species/populations may be found on the epidermis (skin) or mouth cavity. We could learn a lot simply by swabbing the cheek of an ape…. We might learn what types of foods they eat even if their entire digestive tract is empty. We can learn about how they metabolize certain foods and compounds.”

Is the wood ape a descendent of Gigantopithecus blackii? What is the evolutionary lineage?

McAndrews: “This question will be answered very quickly by sequencing the < 20,000 base pairs of DNA from the mitochondrial genome and comparing that to what data is available for G. blackii. This is easy science. Compare this to all the highly mutagenic interesting stuff found in the more than 3 billion base pairs of the nuclear genome!"

What can we expect to find within a non-contaminated sample of tissue/blood that has been scientifically proven to be valid?

McAndrews: “We’ll discover a great many things (as we touched on above). The difficult part of this is that in the scenario where we’ve only a small amount of blood/tissue, proving the existence of this creature as a valid species has limitations. The specimen itself, in this case, is a limiting factor, which could prevent full independent and reproducible study. Basically, science demands that third-party laboratories reproduce the same data set to support the initial find thus creating a 'theory.' Ideally, this would include the initial steps of DNA isolation/extraction from the specimen in question. In the case with our Echo samples, we’ve only two very small and degraded residues… That’s huge limitation for us.”

Will we find the origins of wood apes (geography)?

McAndrews: “Information on evolutionary history and genetic lineage/origins may be pulled from the mitochondrial genome of a given species. Even without the full mitochondrial genome, much of this information is attainable by analyzing comparative evolution of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene – a humble 1,200 base pairs of information. Determining geographic origin, however, would require an existing known ancestral 'anchor' species in a given geography. When comparisons between two closely related species are being made, this information becomes less reliable because of limitations in sample (that being the gene targeted for sequencing) size. In these cases, additional sequence targets are valuable. Basically, the targeted gene of study may be too highly conserved between the two species. There are only 33 mutations between human and chimp, a mere two percent variation. What might we expect with the wood ape? The comparisons are so alike that it brings into question human contamination… A more likely conclusion to an odd result that ‘looks human.’ (Scally, et al, 2012)."

How far back does the gene pool go (timeline)?

McAndrews: “A gene pool is actually a collection of all heredities that currently exist in a given and accessible (in regards to breeding) population. That is, how variable (i.e. stable) is the gene pool of the wood ape population? I think what you’re trying to ask is 'how far back did this animal branch out from the tree of life?' The answer to this question would be one of the first addressed via the sequencing of the mitochondrial (maternally inherited) genome. Thankfully it would be the easiest of all to answer in terms of testing and it would provide answers to those questions related to its evolution history and origins. This is what I am most curious about personally. I think this is true for many. This is also where Bryan Sykes holds his expertise. A simple science in today’s world, (BBC Horizon, 2005).”

From which branch of the primate tree did the species spring?

McAndrews: “This will quickly be answered by producing a mitochondrial sequence of the organism. Less than one week of time to produce this data set and a couple-few minutes to run a comparison on GeneBank.”

How tall [do] these animals really get (physical attributes), etc.?

Alton Higgins: “Simply observing/documenting DNA similarities between species says little, or may say very little, about morphological and/or behavioral similarities. A good example of this is the comparison of human and chimp DNA, which shows great overlap," (A. Higgins, personal communication, October 15, 2013).

McAndrews: "While this may certainly be true in a broader context, much of the data derived from genome-wide association studies of similar but different species provide a veritable treasure trove of information that holds value in describing both physical and behavioral phenotypes for a given species.

Take a look at the following article [originally appearing at], for instance, where it says, ‘As expected, most of the human genome was closer to the chimp’s than to the gorilla’s. But in about 15 percent of the genome, human and gorilla resemble each other the most. In another 15 percent, chimp and gorilla DNA are closer to each other than chimp is to human. The analysis also found gene variants in gorillas that are harmless to them but are linked to dementia and heart failure in people. …If we could understand more about why those variants are so harmful in humans but not in gorillas, that would have important medical implications,'" (Chang, 2012, AP).

Alton Higgins: "Significant differences could result from factors controlling the expression of genes. The sequence in which genes are activated during development, the duration in which the genes are active, epigenetic factors controlling which genes may be turned off, these factors could produce creatures that are very different from ‘us’ even if the DNA is nearly identical," (A. Higgins, personal communication, October 15, 2013).

McAndrews: "Absolutely spot on here.  This is where the revolution in medical genetics (ever heard of this?) will make its biggest strides. Epigenetic gene expressions are influenced by a number of different ‘micro factors’ which may be stimulated by environmental factors and/or stressors. These changes in expression can be either minute or significant. Some changes due to environmental change show themselves phenotypically, while others do not. Many are expressed temporarily, some longer, some for a lifetime, and some are heritable through successive generations (given the continued presence of external pressures). Epigenetic factors, however, are functional in ways that do not cause mutation, or change, to the nucleotide sequence of the organism’s DNA but rather they cause the DNA to be ‘read’ in different ways. This results in coding for different proteins, turning off certain active genes, or by turning on certain dormant ones. Some mechanisms actually modify DNA locally let’s say, for instance, in the epidermis/skin by adding methyl groups to DNA or RNA, or by binding protein to genetic receptors to inactivate a certain from being expressed. This influences the underlying DNA in a way that it is transcribed (or ‘read’) differently than it was before. You know how some mammals grow thicker coats of fur in the winter and then lose it in the spring? That’s a perfect example of how these factors can influence a change in expression as a product of seasonal changes in temperature (the environmental catalyst). Another fantastic example of epigenetic expression can be seen when a domesticated hog goes feral. Genetic expressions may change very quickly due to environmental stressors, or change. It does not take long before offspring start to resemble feral hogs (the Wild type organism) again with their stunted snouts becoming elongated; hair becoming longer and increasingly coarse, their tusks even grow at faster rates. The domestic pig that gets loose will even begin to show/express ‘feral’ characteristics with longer/thicker hair, increased virility, and quick change in behavior. This is due to something called ‘phenotypic plasticity,’ which is a mechanism that involves a lot of epigenetic factors, caused by environmental alteration or habitat, and which results in changes in genetic expressions – both in phenotype (physical change) and even behavior. The immune system is also greatly influenced by these factors (Louchart & Viriot, 2011), (Ralston & Shaw, 2008) .

Anyhow, bottom line is this… just because an organism’s DNA looks similar to another’s from a bird’s-eye view perspective, does not mean that the two organisms are one in the same, or even close to being similar to one another physically, mentally, etc. There is A LOT of stuff going on that goes much deeper than the mere DNA blueprint and we’re just beginning to make sense of it all. We do have a long way to go, sure, but huge strides are being made in the way of knowledge. I can say the following with great confidence, without the detailed genetic comparisons of closely related species, none of these gains in knowledge would be possible.”


Whether the Sykes study yields wood ape DNA remains to be seen. I do think Brad has given us a very good idea of what to expect if and when Sykes, or anyone else, does come up with a viable genetic sample.

One other question sprang to mind when Sykes examined alleged yeti hair and identified it as belonging to a supposedly long extinct species of bear:

Will mainstream science recognize the existence of a large mammalian species thought to be long extinct based solely on DNA evidence?

IF the scientific community accepts Sykes’ results and officially recognizes this ancient bear as a living, breathing species that still walks the earth then the “no-kill” crowd may finally have a valid argument as to why a wood ape specimen should not be collected. If, however, the scientific community refuses to recognize the existence of this ancient bear, a species that they KNOW actually did exist at one point, then there is zero chance that wood ape DNA alone will suffice in documenting the species. If the existence of this ancient bear remains unrecognized after intense DNA study then it should become crystal clear to everyone that the only way to prove the existence of the sasquatch, or wood ape, is by the taking of a holotype. There would simply be no other way.

[As of the date of the publishing of this article on the NAWAC website, April 4, 2014, it should be noted that neither governmental nor scientific entities have initiated actions in and/or around the Himalayas declaring Sykes's so-called relict polar bear a unique, extant (or extinct) species, protecting it from harm, conserving its environment, or even putting boots on the ground to learn more about it].


BBC Horizon (Producer). (2005). The ghost in your genes, (parts 1-5). (Available here:

Chang, A. (2012). Genome study finds some gorilla DNA aping our own. Associated Press. Retrieved from

Louchart, A., & Viriot, L. (2011). From snout to beak: the loss of teeth in birds. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 26(12), 663-673. Abstract retrieved from

Ralston, A., & Shaw, K. (2008). Gene expression regulates cell differentiation. Nature Education 1(1), 127. Retrieved from

Scally A., Dutheil J. Y., Hillier L. W., et al. (2012). Insights into hominid evolution from the gorilla genome sequence. Nature 483(7388): 169–75. Retrieved from


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Fisherman has close encounter on lake in western Arkansas. Read more...

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Two NAWAC Investigators find interesting trackway.

Occurred 1/4/2016 in Walker County, TX

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Husband and wife observe massive upright animal in Sam Houston National Forest on FM 1375 Baker Bridge at Lake Conroe one hour apart. Read more...

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Occurred 12/20/1983 in Walker County, TX

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Occurred 12/24/1976 in Tyler County, TX

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Close highway encounter on Highway 287 near Woodville.

Occurred Fall 2003 in Polk County, TX

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Occurred 4/3/2012 in Liberty County, TX

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Occurred 5/15/2009 in Burnet County, TX

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Airman reports night-time encounter on Bergstrom AFB.

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